Wind power installations will nearly double in the next five years, led by China, says a new report from the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC).
Globally cumulative wind capacity is expected to rise from nearly 433 GW in 2015 to approximately 792 GW in 2020.
China has installed 145 GW of wind energy capacity and surpassed the EU in wind installations in 2015, GWEC said.
The Global Wind Report: Annual Market update says wind power industry set new records across the world last year, and wind is leading the transformation of the global power system, long overdue and very necessary to achieve the climate objectives agreed by 186 nations in Paris last December.
China has installed no less than 30.8 GW of new capacity last year, more than the whole industry installed in 2008. In 2015, total annual capacity installation stood at 63 GW.
Both Europe and the US markets performed better than expected, and the European offshore sector set a new record, installing just over 3 GW. Canada, Mexico and Brazil all had strong years.
“The Paris Agreement requires a fully decarbonized power system by 2050 if not before, if we are keeping temperatures below 2°C above pre-industrial levels,” said Sawyer. “We have to turn things around very quickly.”
Apart from China, Europe and the US will also contribute significantly for the industry by 2020. The US see a much stronger industry emerge, setting the stage for a period of rapid growth in the coming years, the report said.
Outside of China, Asia will be led by India, but new markets such as Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Pakistan and Mongolia are developing quickly, GWEC said.
South Africa was the first market in Africa to pass the 1,000 MW last year, and alongside Egypt, Morocco, Ethiopia and Kenya, will be leading development in that market. Brazil will continue to lead in Latin America, followed by Chile and Uruguay, and a potentially very large market is just now opening up in Argentina.
“Wind power is now mainstream, supplying competitive, reliable and clean energy to fuel economic growth, and to cut emissions in established economies, while at the same time creating new jobs, new industries, and enhancing energy security,” said Sawyer.